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Turnaround Challenges in a Manufacturing Unit: A Case Study of Wheel & Axle Plant of Durgapur Steel Plant, SAIL, India Gautam Kumar Mandal1*, Amitava Ghosh2 1Research Scholar, Seacom Skills University, West Bengal 2 Faculty- School of Management Studies, Secom Skills University, West Bengal *Corresponding Author Email [email protected]
Brief Overview of Steel Authority of India Ltd. (SAIL) SAIL is India‟s Second largest steel producing company. With a turnover of Rs. 58,297 crore, the company is among the five Maharatnas of the country‟s Central Public Sector Enterprises. SAIL has five integrated steel plants, three special plants
The use of EAFs has expanded and now accounts for nearly 2/3 of steel production in the United States. The EAF is different from the blast furnace as it produces steel by using an electrical current to melt scrap steel and/or direct reduced iron. The EAF uses scrap steel and electricity to produce molten steel.
SAIL is in the process of modernising and expanding its production units, raw material resources and other facilities to maintain its dominant position in the Indian steel market. The aim is to increase the production capacity from the base level production of 14.6 MT per annum (2006–07) to 26.2 MT per annum of hot metal.
Steel Plant, SAIL Rourkela Steel Plant is the largest producer of cold r olled non -oriented (CRNO) steels in India. Control of steelmaking, casting and rolling are critical to achieve the
Mar 04, 2019· ) has posted a 11.62% increase in iron ore production in February to 1.87 million tonne compared to production in the previous corresponding period. In the process, SAIL's daily-average iron ore production clocked 66,620 tonne recording an all-time high and notching a …
The stainless steel cable must be free of visible flaws. The polyester cloth must be properly woven and free of holes. Tensile test machines measure fabric strength and the amount of air that can pass through the fabric. The most important part of the manufacturing process is making the wing.
May 29, 2018· Other steel giants, namely Tata Steel, Jindal Steel and Power Ltd, and SAIL are in the process of ramping up capacity.The Tatas plan to add capacity of five million tonnes in …
May 07, 2021· Besides scrap or sponge iron, the charge also includes the ores, fluxes (lime, flourspar), reducing agents (carbon) and alloying elements in the form of ferroalloys. These can be added through the work opening before or during oxidizing. Process begins with the ignition of the electric arc. After melting, further scrap can be added.
Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or scrap.In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (the most important impurity) are removed from the sourced iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of steel.
Basic Oxygen Furnace Route Steelmaking Costs 2020. Conversion costs for BOF steelmaking. Steel Cost Modelling Notes The Steel Costing Model. The economic model shown above is prepared only to shown how liquid steel cost can be calculated through a simple cost benchmarking type approach. The predicted total costing shown is not meant to represent an actual cost for any real steel company.
Jul 04, 2014· Process Routes in Integrated Steel Plants in India Plant Process Route Annual Capacity (million tonnes) SAIL, BSP, Bhilai BF-BOF/THF 3.9 SAIL, DSP, Durgapur BF-BOF 1.8 SAIL, RSP, Rourkela BF-BOF 1.9 SAIL, BSL, Bokaro BF-BOF 4.4 SAIL, ISP, Burnpur BF-BOF 0.5 RINL, VSP, Vizag BF-BOF 2.9 NINL, Jajpur BF-BOF 1.1 Tata Steel, Jamshedpur BF-BOF 6.8
Apr 07, 2021· If you see the annualised crude steel production, in March, we have more or less reached our crude steel capacity. Would SAIL be thinking on lines of exporting more? Our first aim is to meet the demand of the domestic market and also have a strategic presence in the export market. We would continue to do the same.
SAIL-RSP and Raymond steel have CRGO Production facilities. Further improvement of magnetic properties and the application of compact production process for grain-oriented electrical steels in
Dec 29, 2016· Fig 1 Areas of IT in steel plant operation. However, steel plant automation is distinct from IT in the following senses. Steel plant automation also involves significant amount of hardware technologies, related to instrumentation and sensing, actuation and drives, electronics for signal conditioning, communication and display, embedded as well as stand-alone computing systems etc.
Upgrade and modernization. The RSP has many firsts to its credit. It is the first plant in Asia to adopt the energy-efficient LD process of steel making and the first integrated steel plant of SAIL which adopted the cost-effective and quality-centered continuous casting route to process of steel produced. The plant has also, for the first time in India, had adopted external
Jun 03, 2020· Based on the use of green hydrogen as well as renewable electricity from wind, solar, or water, a DRI/EAF setup enables nearly carbon-neutral steel production. In more detail, a large-scale, green hydrogen-based DRI/EAF steel production process involves the following core process steps: Green hydrogen production.
Manufacturing Quality. Since North Sails began in 1957, materials development, materials testing, and manufacturing quality have been cornerstones of our brand. Each stage of the sail manufacturing process is extensively documented. Rigorous inspection procedures are used to evaluate ALL incoming raw materials deemed critical to product
May 26, 2016· Production Steel industry was delicensed and decontrolled in 1991 & 1992 respectively. Today, India is the 4 th largest crude steel producer of steel in the world. In 2013-14, production for sale of total finished steel (alloy + non alloy) was 87.67 mt and 65.197 mt …
Production routes for steel. Dutch Pavilion at World Expo 2010 (John Körmeling) 20-30% of scrap is added to this process, primarily to regulate the temperature. In the Electric Arc Furnace route (EAF) scrap used. This is the remelting of steel without the use of primary raw materials. Only oxygen and lime are added to bind any impurities.
May 04, 2021· It is also the first steel plant in SAIL and the only one presently where of slabs are produced through the cost-effective and quality-centric continuous casting route. It is SAIL’s only plant that produce silicon steels for the power sector and high quality pipes for the oil & gas sector..
TMT reinforcement steel manufacturing process is shown below: Water Jacketing Method. The steel rebar are at high temperature when they leave the last rolling stand. They are immediately passed through a predetermined quantity of a high-pressure water-cooling system. These instant cooling tempers the outer surface and it becomes very hard.
As with all large-scale manufacturing processes, the production or iron and steel generates by-products. On average the production of 1 tonne of steel results in 200 kg (EAF) to 400 kg (BF/BOF) of by-products. The main by-products produced during iron and crude steel production are slags (90%), dusts and sludges.
Sep 30, 2013· • Steel production process are completely dependent on the energy market which can affect the Tata steel in the economic manner. • With the change in the economic conditions a company should change its policy accordingly and to sustain in the depression period a detail research and survey should be done by the particular country.
Dec 04, 2020· Home >Industry >Manufacturing >SAIL crude steel output grows by 7% to 1.417 MT in Nov Premium SAIL, under the Ministry of Steel, is the country's largest steel maker 1 min read . Updated: 04 Dec
A sail is simply a piece of fabric that is used to catch the wind to drive the boat across the water. These items are ordered from specialty suppliers in advance of production. The Manufacturing Process Manufactured sailboats typically range from 11-ft-long (3.4-m-long) day sailers to 28-ft-long (8.5-m-long) and sometimes longer luxury
In the US, steel production using the Bessemer process ended in 1968 and the open-hearth furnaces had stopped by 1992. In Hunedoara steel works, Romania the last 420-tonne capacity open-hearth furnace was shut down on 12 June 1999 and demolished and scrapped between 2001 and 2003, but the eight smokestacks of the furnaces remained until
Sep 20, 2016· The manufacturing process of a stainless steel product is indeed fascinating and it gives you an insight into how far our ability to craft materials has evolved since the early days of the Industrial Revolution. Here are the six most important steps in the manufacturing process of a stainless steel …
Dec 30, 2020· The process of the sale of the loss making stainless steel and special steel units - Alloy Steels Plant (ASP) in West Bengal, Salem Steel Plant (SSP) in Tamil Nadu and Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant is currently underway. "As of now there is no plan to sell or divest any of the other units of SAIL which are profitable," says Chaudhary.
Apr 27, 2021· The ROMELT process was developed by Moscow institute of steel and alloys in Russia . A major feature is there is no pre-reduction process step. The smelter has a water-cooled roof and sidewalls in contact with slag and conventional refractories in contact with the metal. A mixture of air and oxygen is injected through two rows of tuyeres.
May 07, 2021· All India Demand Registration of SAIL Steel 2021-22-Hindi Customer Feedback Customer Testimonial Importance Of Steel; Manufacturing Process; Direct Reduction Technologies of the technological options for converting iron ore to steel products is schematically shown below.Hot metal and crude steel process are also inter linked among
Aug 21, 2020· The Modern Steel Production Process Methods for manufacturing steel have evolved significantly since industrial production began in the late 19th century. Modern methods, however, are still based on the same premise as the original Bessemer Process, which uses oxygen to lower the carbon content in iron.
May 05, 2021· All India Demand Registration of SAIL Steel 2021-22-English All India Demand Registration of SAIL Steel 2021-22-Hindi Customer Feedback Customer Testimonial Products Structurals TMT Galvanised Products Bars & Wire Rods Plates Railway Products
Apr 25, 2021· Plants can only optimize LOX production by sacing some gaseous Oxygen and optimize process parameters. supplied from SAIL integrated steel plants at …
Steel is produced from iron ore or scrap. Iron ore is a mineral aggregate that can be converted economically into iron. The quality of the iron ore is mainly determined by its composition; a high iron content and low sulphur and phosphorus contents are favorable. Iron ore can be …